International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) Standards

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The Integrated Reporting Framework explains the concepts of integrated reporting and underpins our work. It establishes Fundamental Concepts, Guiding Principles and Content Elements governing the preparation and presentation of an integrated report. It’s written primarily in the context of private sector, and for-profit companies of any size, but is also applied by public sector and not-for-profit organizations.


What Is It


The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) is a global organization established in August 2010 with the mission of developing a universally accepted framework for integrated reporting. Integrated reporting is a strategic communication process that articulates an organization’s value creation story over time, encompassing both financial and non-financial aspects.

At its core, the IIRC aims to transform corporate reporting by fostering greater transparency, accountability, and sustainability in business practices. By bringing together a diverse array of stakeholders from corporate, investment, accounting, regulatory, academic, and civil society sectors, the IIRC seeks to create a reporting framework that provides comprehensive and comparable information about an organization’s performance, governance, and strategic direction.

Led by prominent figures such as Professor Mervyn King, the IIRC operates with the objective of developing the International <IR> Framework, commonly known as Integrated Reporting Framework. This framework is designed to offer concise, clear, and structured reporting that integrates financial, environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors. By doing so, it aims to meet the information needs of long-term investors, highlight the interconnections between sustainability and economic value, and encourage decision-making that considers broader and longer-term consequences.

To achieve its objectives, the IIRC engages in various activities, including research, consultation, and collaboration with stakeholders worldwide. It conducts pilot programs to test and refine its reporting framework and regularly solicits feedback through consultation drafts and discussion papers. Through these efforts, the IIRC strives to establish integrated reporting as a fundamental practice for organizations seeking to demonstrate their value creation journey and contribute to a more sustainable and resilient global economy.

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"IIRC promotes integrated reporting, encouraging companies to disclose financial and non-financial information in a holistic manner, fostering transparency, accountability, and long-term value creation for stakeholders."

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Criteria and Standards Levels

The International Integrated Reporting Framework and Integrated Thinking Principles serve as globally recognized tools utilized in 75 countries to advance communication regarding value creation, preservation, and erosion within organizations. This framework and principles facilitate integrated reporting and thinking, aiming to streamline capital allocation processes, bolster financial stability, and foster sustainable development.

Integrated reporting, as facilitated by this framework, is designed to achieve several key criteria:

1. Enhance the quality of information available to providers of financial capital, enabling more efficient and productive allocation of capital.
2. Promote a cohesive and efficient approach to corporate reporting that encompasses various reporting strands and communicates the full spectrum of factors materially impacting an organization’s ability to create value over time.
3. Foster accountability and stewardship for multiple forms of capital, including financial, manufactured, intellectual, human, social and relationship, and natural capital, while highlighting their interdependencies.
4. Support integrated thinking, decision-making, and actions geared towards value creation across short, medium, and long-term horizons.

These objectives underscore the importance of integrating financial and sustainability-related disclosures to provide stakeholders with a comprehensive understanding of an organization’s value-creation process.

The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) does not have standard levels. Instead, it focuses on promoting integrated reporting principles through its framework, which offers flexibility for organizations to tailor their reporting to their needs. Integrated reporting is a dynamic process that evolves, allowing organizations to enhance their practices as they gain experience and align with IIRC principles.

What is ESG?

ESG represents a framework for evaluating the sustainability and ethical performance of businesses.

Environmental, Social, Governance

Explore the ESG overview page to gain insights into environmental, social, and governance factors that drive sustainable and responsible business practices.


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Registration and Rating procedure

No, the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) does not have a registration or rating procedure. Instead, it provides guidance and frameworks for integrated reporting, allowing organizations to voluntarily adopt these practices based on their own needs and objectives. The IIRC promotes the adoption of integrated reporting principles globally but does not enforce registration or rating procedures.

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Professional Credentials

The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) does not confer professional credentials in the traditional sense, such as certifications or licenses. Instead, the IIRC operates as a global coalition of stakeholders from various sectors, including corporate, investment, accounting, securities, regulatory, academic, and standard-setting bodies, as well as civil society.

Members of the IIRC, including individuals and organizations, contribute their expertise, insights, and perspectives to the development and promotion of integrated reporting principles and frameworks. They participate in working groups, task forces, and consultations to shape the direction of integrated reporting practices worldwide.

While the IIRC itself does not issue professional credentials, individuals and organizations involved in integrated reporting may have relevant qualifications or affiliations in areas such as accounting, finance, sustainability, governance, and auditing. These credentials can include:

1. Certified Public Accountant (CPA):

Accounting professionals with a CPA designation may be involved in the preparation and auditing of integrated reports, ensuring compliance with relevant financial reporting standards.

2. Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA):

Investment professionals with a CFA charter may use their expertise in financial analysis to assess the quality and reliability of integrated reports as part of their investment decision-making process.

3. Certified Management Accountant (CMA):

Management accountants with a CMA certification may contribute to the development of integrated reporting frameworks within organizations, aligning financial and non-financial performance metrics with strategic objectives.

4. Sustainability Certifications:

Professionals with certifications in sustainability-related disciplines, such as the Certified Sustainability Professional (CSP) or Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) Credential, may play a role in integrating environmental, social, and governance (ESG) considerations into integrated reporting processes.

5. Governance and Compliance Credentials:

Professionals with expertise in corporate governance, risk management, and regulatory compliance may provide guidance on governance structures and reporting requirements relevant to integrated reporting practices.

6. Academic Affiliations:

Scholars and researchers affiliated with academic institutions may contribute to the development of integrated reporting frameworks through academic research, teaching, and collaboration with the IIRC and other stakeholders.

Overall, while the IIRC itself does not confer professional credentials, individuals and organizations engaged in integrated reporting may possess a range of qualifications and affiliations that enhance their contributions to the advancement of integrated reporting principles and practices.

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Key Features

The key features of the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) standards are as follows:

1. Comprehensive Reporting: The IIRC standards advocate for reporting that goes beyond traditional financial metrics to include a broader range of factors that affect an organization’s ability to create value over time.

2. Focus on Value Creation: The primary focus of the IIRC standards is on communicating how an organization creates, preserves, or erodes value across different capitals (financial, manufactured, intellectual, human, social and relationship, and natural).

3. Integrated Thinking: The IIRC emphasizes integrated thinking, which encourages organizations to consider the interdependencies between various aspects of their operations, strategies, and value creation processes.

4. Stakeholder Engagement: The standards promote meaningful engagement with stakeholders to understand their perspectives and concerns, ensuring that reporting reflects the interests of all stakeholders.

5. Materiality: Materiality is a central concept in IIRC reporting, encouraging organizations to disclose information that is relevant and significant to their stakeholders in decision-making processes.

6. Connectivity: IIRC reporting emphasizes the interconnectedness of different aspects of an organization’s performance, highlighting how environmental, social, governance, and financial factors influence each other.

7. Future Orientation: IIRC reporting encourages organizations to adopt a forward-looking perspective, considering the long-term implications of their decisions and actions on value creation.

Pros and Cons of Implementation

The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) is a global non-profit organization that promotes integrated reporting. Integrated reporting is a way of communicating a company’s value creation story to stakeholders. It integrates financial and non-financial information to provide a more comprehensive picture of the company’s performance.

Pros of Integrated Reporting

There are many pros to implementing integrated reporting. Some of the most important pros include:

  • Improved transparency: Integrated reporting provides a more comprehensive picture of a company’s performance, which can help stakeholders make better decisions.
  • Reduced risk: Integrated reporting can help companies identify and manage risks, which can help them avoid costly problems.
  • Enhanced reputation: Integrated reporting can help companies enhance their reputation with stakeholders, which can lead to increased sales, investment, and employee satisfaction.
  • Improved decision-making: Integrated reporting can help companies make better decisions about their strategy, operations, and investments.

Cons of Integrated Reporting

There are also some cons to implementing integrated reporting. Some of the most important cons include:

  • Cost: Integrated reporting can be costly, especially for small businesses.
  • Time commitment: Integrated reporting can be time-consuming, especially for companies that are not already familiar with integrated reporting.
  • Complexity: Integrated reporting can be complex, and companies may need to hire consultants to help them implement the process.
  • Lack of standardization: There is no single standard for integrated reporting, which can make it difficult for companies to compare their reports.

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ESG Standards and Certifications


Do you have any questions?

Integrated reporting offers several benefits, including enhanced transparency, improved understanding of value creation and long-term performance, better assessment of risks and opportunities, facilitation of integrated thinking and decision-making, increased investor confidence and trust, and enhanced communication with stakeholders.

The IIRC drives the adoption of integrated reporting through various initiatives. It collaborates with standard setters, regulators, investors, and other stakeholders to create awareness, develop guidance, and encourage the implementation of integrated reporting principles. The IIRC also promotes the alignment of reporting frameworks and standards to facilitate global adoption.

Tarun Gaur
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